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|Title: ||Variability for morphological and yield contributing traits in Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera L)germplasm and its implication to crop improvement|
|Authors: ||D H, Sukanya|
K, Hima Bindu
|Issue Date: ||2010|
|Citation: ||D.H.Sukanya, Gayatri Datta, K.Hima Bindu and Veena Gupta. 2010. Variability for morphological and yield contributing traits in Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera L) germplasm and its implication to crop improvement. South Indian Horticulture 58: 7-9.|
|Abstract: ||Withania somnifera Dunal (2n=28) a member of Solanaceae family is popularly known as Ashwagandha in India and as Indian ginseng, internationally. It is a superior commercial medicinal herb with multiple benefits. Roots and leaves of the plant have been extensively used for ages in Indian system of medicine (Sangwan, 2004). The root has been used most frequently for therapeutic uses and dried roots are the commercial drug in this crop. The biologically active chemical constituents are withanolides, which are useful in treating neuro- muscular disorders, arthritis, cardio pulmonary system, cancer, enhancing memory and immunity.
The crop is found naturally and in diverse areas ranging from Africa, the Mediterranean and East into India. In India it is distributed in all drier parts. Extensive variability in morphology and growth habit (Atal and Schartwing, 1962) and intra specific variations (Singh and Kumar, 1998) are observed in this crop. For any crop improvement programmes systematic collection of variability available in the country , its assessment and conservation is very important. The work on this crop to date indicates limited exploitation of variability in crop improvement to increase the root yield to bridge the gap in demand and supply. In the context of this scenario, the work was initiated on collection of germplasm from different geographical localities and diverse ecological conditions in India and their systematic assessment of genetic variability.|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicinal Crops|
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