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|Title: ||Evaluation of Garcinia indica Choisy for floral and yield traits|
|Authors: ||K, Hima Bindu|
M A, Suryanarayana
|Issue Date: ||2010|
|Citation: ||K. Hima Bindu, M.A. Suryanarayana and T. Vasantha Kumar. 2010. Evalaution of Garcinia indica Choicy for floral and yield traits. Garcinia Genetic Resources- Linking diversity, Livelihood and management. College of forestry, Sirsi, 8-9th May. pp 87-90.|
|Abstract: ||Kokum (Garcinia indica Choisy) is one of the important indigenous under utilized fruit/spice tree well spread in South Konkan region of Maharashtra, Western Ghats, Coorg, Waynad and Goa. Hydroxycitric acid (HCA) from the rind of the fruit is an important constituent used as a hypocholesterolaemic agent and as anti-obesity agent and fruit and syrup has antioxidant activity. Floral and yield traits are studied in 15 seedling trees established in IIHR experimental farm. Out of the 15 trees 11 trees produced hermaphrodite flowers and other four plants produced predominantly male flowers. With in the hermaphrodite trees variation for the size and number of flowers, position of flowers, length of pedicel, number of stamens/flower, stigmatic surface were noticed. All the plants produced fertile pollen ranging from 88-92%. Wide variability in economic traits like fruit yield, fruit weight, size, TSS and rind thickness was recorded. Maximum variability was observed in fruit yield /tree. Though the trees started fruiting from fifth years onwards only three trees gave good and increased yield over the years. Among them a plus tree is identified which gave an yield of 6.5, 12.32, 22, 38 kg fruits respectively from 5 th to 8 th year of planting. The wide variability recorded for all the traits in kokum trees creates ample opportunity for selection of plus trees with desired fruit yield and quality traits. The establishment and realization of considerable fruit yield from the plus tree identified shows that kokum can be grown in non traditional areas.|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicinal Crops|
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